The National Council for Curriculum Assessment (NaCCA) has introduced a New Standard-Based Curriculum for Basic Schools in Ghana.
The first phase of the Curriculum is at its implementation stage and is from Kindergarten to Basic 6.
The New Curriculum has come with some changes in ways of doing things,ranging from names to activities.
Below are some of the Changes;
First,the term Syllabus has been changed to Curriculum. The Curriculum contains instructions,methods and contents to be taught in the classroom.
It is used by the teacher (facilitator) as a guiding material during classroom instruction.
Second is the term,’Strands‘ which refers to ‘Sections‘,’Units‘ or ‘Aspects‘ to be taught in class.
In the Languages,such as English and Ghanaian Language,the term relates to ‘ASPECTS’ ,that is,Oral Language (Listening and Speaking ) etc.,while in other subjects such as Science, the term relates to ‘SECTIONS/UNITS”.
The Third terminology that has changed is ‘TOPICS’ which is now refered to as ‘SUB-STRANDS’
In addition, ‘GENERAL OBJECTIVES’ are now known as ‘CONTENT STANDARDS’ with ‘SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES’ known as ‘CONTENT INDICATORS’.
Teaching and Learning Activities are now known as ‘EXEMPLARS’ with RELEVANT PREVIOUS KNOWLEDGE(RPK) now known as ‘LEARNERS’ ENTRY BEHAVIOR’
Other changes include ‘CIRCUIT SUPERVISORS’ now referred to as ‘SCHOOL INSPECTION OFFICERS’ ,responsible for inspecting and monitoring the work of teachers in all schools.
The Introduction of a Lesson is now referred to as the ‘STARTER’
School–Based INSET (SBI) is now known as Professional Learning Community
1. Cluster based Inset now Professional Learning. Community
2. Teachers now Facilitators
3. Students/Pupils now Learners
4. Teachers Guide now Teacher Resource Pack.
5. Scheme of work now Scheme of Learning
6.Lesson Plan now Learning Plan.
7. Teaching and Learning Materials now Teaching and Learning Resources